Charles & Emma Morrison Professor
Regions(s): Neurogenetics; Brain and Behavior
Research interest(s): Sleep and circadian rhythms; metabolic, neurodegenerative and gastrointestinal disorders
Sleep and circadian rhythms, and seasonal reproductive cycles
Research in the Turek laboratory is focused on the study of sleep and circadian rhythms, with special interest in identifying genes that regulate sleep and circadian rhythms. Ongoing work on sleep and circadian rhythms includes an investigation of: (1) the neurochemical, molecular, and cellular events involved in the entrainment, generation and expression of circadian rhythms arising from a central biological clock located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus, (2) the genetics of the circadian clock system and the molecular genetic mechanisms underlying the sleep-wake cycle, (3) the feedback effects of the sleep-wake cycle on the circadian clock regulating the timing of that cycle, (4) the effects of advanced age on the expression of behavioral and endocrine rhythms, and on the expression of circadian clock genes, 5) the links between sleep, circadian rhythms and energy metabolism, (6) the role of melatonin in modulating sleep and circadian rhythms, (7) the role of disrupted circadian rhythms on peripheral and central disease/disorders, and (8) the effects of stress, circadian dysregulation and sleep loss/fragmentation on the intestinal microbiota, including studies of twin men and mice on the International Space Station.
In addition to our work on rodents, we have established extensive collaborations with clinical researchers. Studies in humans are aimed at shifting the human clock in an attempt to alleviate mental and physical problems that are associated with disorders in circadian time-keeping, particularly in the elderly and in shift-workers. In addition, we are using both pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches to determine if we can reverse the effects of aging on the circadian clock system in both rodents and humans. Our sleep, circadian and metabolic studies are focused on how disruption in these interactions can lead to obesity, diabetes CVD, and gastrointestinal disorders.
- Summa KC, Voigt RM, Forsyth CB, Shaikh M, Cavanaugh K, Vitaterna MH, Song S, Turek FW & Keshavarzian A. (2013). Disruption of the Circadian Clock in Mice Increases Intestinal Permeability and Promotes Alcohol-Induced Hepatic Pathology and Inflammation. PLoS ONE, 8(6): e67102.
- Summa KC, Vitaterna MH and Turek FW. (2012). Environmental perturbation of the circadian clock disrupts pregnancy in the mouse. PLoS ONE, 7(50):e37668.
- Fitzpatrick K, Winrow CJ, Gotter AL, Millstein J, Arbuzova J, Brunner J, Kasarskis A, Vitaterna MH, Renger JJ, Turek FW. (2012). Altered sleep and affect in the neurotensin receptor 1 knockout mouse. SLEEP, 35(7), 949-56
- Yang H, Shimomura K, Vitaterna MH and Turek FW. (2012). High resolution mapping of a novel genetic locus regulating voluntary physical activity in mice. Genes, Brain and Behav, 11(1), 113-24
- Millstein J, Winrow CJ, Kasarskis A, Owens JR, Zhou L, Summa KC, Fitzpatrick K, Zhang B, Vitaterna MH, Schadt EE, Renger JJ, and Turek FW. (2011). Identification of Causal Genes, Networks and Transcriptional Regulators of REM Sleep and Wake. SLEEP, 34 (11), 1469-77.
- Arble D, Bass J, Laposky AD, Vitaterna MH, Turek FW. (2009). Circadian timing of food intake contributes to weight gain. Obesity, 17(11): 2100-2.
- Winrow CJ, Williams DL, Kasarskis A, Millstein J, Laposky AD, et al. (2009). Uncovering the Genetic Landscape for Multiple Sleep-Wake Traits. PLoS ONE, 4(4): e5161
- Turek FW. (2008). Circadian clocks: tips from the tip of the iceberg. Nature, 456(7224): 881-3.
- Winrow CJ, Turek FW, Renger JJ. (2008). Genetic approaches for target identification in sleep/wake systems. IDrugs, 11(11): 811-6. Review.
- Paul KN, Turek FW, Kryger MH. (2008). Influence of sex on sleep regulatory mechanisms. J Women's Health, 17(7): 1201-8.
- 2011 Distinguished Scientist Award, Sleep Research Society
- 2010 Inaugural Margaret Prine Joy Lectureship in Reproductive Sciences, Magee-Womens Research Day in Reproductive Biology and Women’s Health, Magee-Womens Research Institute
- 2008 Pioneer Award, Institute for Women’s Health Research, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University
- 2008 Distinguished Service Award, Society for Research on Biological Rhythms
- 1998-2000 National Alliance for Research on Schizophrenia and Depression (NARSAD), Distinguished Senior Investigator Award
- 1995-present Endowed Chair Charles E. and Emma H. Morrison Professor of Biology
- 1994-96 Mentor for Dr. Phyllis C. Zee as a Brookdale National Foundation Fellow
- 1991-92 Belgium American Educational Foundation Senior Fellowship (BAEF)
- 1991-92 Awarded a Senior International Fellowship, NIH Fogarty International Center (1 year sabbatical), Université Libre de Bruxelles
- 1991-92 John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship
- 1987 Curt P. Richter Prize, International Society of Psychoneuroendocrinology
- 1986 Awarded a Senior International Fellowship, NIH Fogarty International Center (1 year sabbatical), Université Libre de Bruxelles
- 1981 Elected a Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science
- 1980, 84 Named to Associated Student Government Faculty Honor Roll inrecognition of outstanding teaching
- 1978-83 NIH-Research Career Development Award
- 1975 National Research Service Award
- Four-year Teaching Assistantship — Predoctoral Fellowship, Stanford University
- Evans Collegiate Scholarship to Michigan State University